Hemp Derived Bio-diesel and Ethanol
There are two types of biofuel: biodiesel and ethanol. Ethanol is made from many type of grain crops(corn, maize, sorgum, etc) or sugar cane, sugar beats, and sweet potatoes. but can also be made from the inedible parts of most plants. It is frequently used as a biofuel, but usually blended with petrol.
Biodiesel is made by refining oils and fats from plants or animals, most commonly from vegetable oil, and requires other compounds. The advantages of biodiesel is that any diesel car can run on it, including retrofitted engines.
Hemp, if grown as a biofuel feedstock, would be able to produce both kind of biofuels. Hempseed is comprised of 30-35% oil by weight, giving it a fuel yield of roughly 780 litres per hectare (207 gallons per hectare). This is considerably lower than palm oil and coconut, but over twice that of rapeseed, peanut, and sunflower, and four times that of soybean. The remainder of the plant can be made into ethanol using fermentation under low oxygen levels.
The Environmental impacts of Bio-fuels market growth
The most common feedstocks used for biofuel are soybeans and corn (US), sugar cane and sugar beet (South America), palm oil (Southeast and East Asia), and rapeseed (Europe). All of these require significant vast use of land normally used grow other agricultural crops ment for human consumption. driving the prices of these crops up and out of the reach of the poor.
Large portions of forests across the globe have been destroyed to create space for oil palms and deforestation is on the rise at an unprecedented scale in all of these areas. This has destroyed the natural habitat of numerous endangered species.